This research - albeit an independent unit - is part of a series of research that will be published on the history of the historical issue in the ancient Near East, the place that played a major role in the history of its events, and here we are today the natural historical extension of that place. The plan we follow in this work is the synthetic historical plan, which requires studying important aspects of peoples' lives, work, culture, and the impact of each on the other.
I would like to mention this study, as the first study concerned with the history of historical events, meaning: recording and writing their events and facts, how they happened and their causes in the past or present. We have known that our academic institutions have studied history separately from its history, and this is what this study has reached. History should not be separated from its ancient history. This study is concerned with the history of the historical issue, and then takes into consideration the context and idea of history in the ancient Near East. It also mentioned the royal lists in Mesopotamia and the length of the mythological periods of the kings. This study dealt with the dialectical conflict between the mythical and the historical. Where the importance of the study lies in its topics that were rarely addressed by the Arab sources, and as evidence of this, let us take the pre-flood kings "Al-William" and "Al-Anger" that were not addressed by any Arab source at all, and its sources were collected from several foreign sources.