The current study is striving to shed light on the digital educational medium, which has become as a trend for us as digital citizens, in the 21st century. In this, in order to identify the influence of e-learning on secondary school learners’ cognitive structure, who are Algerian baccalaureate candidates (2020), during the Corona pandemic, a descriptive study is devoted to specify the type of this impact on learners’ cognitive structure as well as to reveal the type of relationship between e-learning influence and the time allocated to it per day. Accordingly, the descriptive syllabus has been adopted to study research variables and to realize research objects as well. Thence, an intentional sample of 120 learners responded to a three-dimensional questionnaire, which consists of 21 items designed to collect data after checking its psychometric properties, validity and reliability. The results obtained, using several statistical programmers, revealed that e learning has a positive influence on learners’ cognitive structure. The results further indicate that there is a medium positive correlation with a predictive linear direction between research variables.