Volume 2021, special issue (29th International Conference “Digital Learning between Urge and Necessity”, Organized by I.U.U, Issue


Toward distance learning law regulates its work and achieves its objectives

Ihsan Omer Mohammad Saed

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 1-3

The study aims to legislate the law (distance learning) in order to organize academic work in public and university learning, achieve the reliability with this type of learning, and give legitimacy to accept the outputs of this type of learning as the world will not return to what it was before the Corona pandemic. Accordingly, it is necessary to respond and adapt to the changes that take place in all areas of life, and the education as one of these areas.

The reality of distance education in educational institutions in the Arab countries _ Algeria as a model - Training programs in the graduate school Philosophy as a model and the need to activate distance education

Asma Aggouni

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 4-12

The traditional direct contact education system was beneficial and fruitful but to some extent; Given that it was an obstacle for many science students who lack the ability to physically attend the various education and training centers, and thus; The role of distance education in solving this problem; It has made it of great importance to everyone as well as the many other positive benefits resulting from following this advanced educational method. When looking at the benefits of distance education; We will find that it combines the advantages of traditional and e-learning together; As it provides a method of communication between the student and the teacher through which the courses are explained, understood and studied relying on multiple means of explanation, as well as a good way for the student to search and explore in various websites and programs in order to access the information himself; Of course, it is of great importance and advantage, and distance education has also helped to get rid of a large part of educational losses because it allows the ability to attend classes, lectures and training courses for anyone from anywhere. And because training is a necessary necessity for practicing the teaching profession and it is impossible for any reform project to succeed in the principles of education and education if the teacher is not well formed or absent from the formative process or does not understand the educational and scientific facts that carry the teaching profession, and this is all through an effective and systematic content Training programs for the teacher, as it seeks through this research to shed light on the role of relying on the distance education system, of course, an important and good matter; But it should be noted that the work on developing this system and introducing the latest technological technologies to it; It is an important means through which nations will be able to achieve the required quality in levels of education, whether university education, and here we focus on teacher education programs in higher schools. For teachers in Algeria and the need to adapt it to the current situation developments And from what are the contents of these training programs and what are their shortcomings? And do these training programs respond to the current data?

The importance of digital education in the shadow of the international policies for managing crises resulting from the Corona Covid-19 pandemic

Ansam Faik Abdul-Rezzak Al-Obidi

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 13-30

The tremendous scientific and technical developments that the world is witnessing today have resulted in great changes in the reality and nature of societies in all fields, so that these tremendous technological updates were adopted by the majority of people in all details of their daily lives, and this included technical modernization of countries in all their joints and their social, political& economic systems& health and education as one of the community systems It is natural for this technological modernization to have a direct impact on it. The rapid technological progress and the developments that accompanied it necessitated a parallel rapid change in the needs of individuals and societies and all other development facilities in it. Because the destiny of nations depends on the creativity of their children, it has attracted education makers quickly and virtual reality with its technologies has become an element. Finding practical solutions to the problems at hand depends mainly on the innovations of human ways of thinking by seeking to employ all capabilities, skills and knowledge to reach solutions that would prevent us from paralyzing the entire educational process as a result of a virus that has no limits to its damages. Countries in states of emergency, epidemics and wars seek a rapid crisis management policy to mitigate the severe negative effects that societies suffer from, from which education is interrupted, and according to the capabilities available to each country at its different levels, but almost everyone is in common, since total dependence on digital education and canceling education ttraditional education. The study of everything that would advance the educational process and promote its outputs represented in the future of our students, would be of the utmost importance that requires preparing research and studies to open new horizons in this field and to achieve the best in it, especially with regard to the means of transformation towards electronic employment and its fruitful results.

Evaluation of the effectiveness of virtual education in the Technical Institute / Nineveh: A case study of the virtual education site at the Northern Technical University in the light of globalization

Dina Ahmed Omar; Zakaria Hassan Hussein Abu Damis

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 31-39

Education, knowledge, information and communication are the focus of human progress and well-being ..., and the use of information and communication technology should be promoted in all stages of education, training and resource development. Therefore, in this research paper, it seeks to highlight the importance of virtual education in ensuring the quality of higher education in light of globalization by several points. Then, trying to evaluate the experience of the virtual education site of the Northern Technical University and the extent of the response of professors and students to this modern method by using it as a tool for education, communication, knowledge exchange, information dissemination and even online exams during the period between 2019/2020, where the study found that The various teachers are enthusiastic about using this technology, unlike the students who rejected her because they were afraid of it due to their lack of knowledge of it.

Digital Learning Challenges for Disabled People and How to Overcome Them (Hearing and Visual Disabilities in Particular)

HAJAR ISMAEEL WAYSS

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 40-52

This study addressed the most important obstacles facing people with disabilities in terms of digital learning, and its impact on their achievement abilities, and methods for treating these obstacles. In this study I used a descriptive approach to identify and define the problem and how to reach a solution. I used an analytical approach as well to analyze the causes of the problem and the factors that control the conclusion of its results. At the end of the reasearch I have reached the answer to the questions and achieved the following results:- Better clarifying and understanding the educational methods that people with disabilities need in order to provide them with opportunities to achieve scientific excellence and address their abilities to accomplish change in the society- Determining the problems that people with disabilities face and find an appropriate solution to these problems- Submitting proposals for the continuation of the educational process for persons with disabilities through digital education- Proving that people with disabilities are able to be successful in the process of education and change society, if they have the educational means that they need, according to his/her condition.

E-learning fingerprints on the learner's knowledge structure during the Covid-19 pandemic

Djalaleddine BENGUESMIA; Mokhtar Salim KATACHE

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 53-76

The current study is striving to shed light on the digital educational medium, which has become as a trend for us as digital citizens, in the 21st century. In this, in order to identify the influence of e-learning on secondary school learners’ cognitive structure, who are Algerian baccalaureate candidates (2020), during the Corona pandemic, a descriptive study is devoted to specify the type of this impact on learners’ cognitive structure as well as to reveal the type of relationship between e-learning influence and the time allocated to it per day. Accordingly, the descriptive syllabus has been adopted to study research variables and to realize research objects as well. Thence, an intentional sample of 120 learners responded to a three-dimensional questionnaire, which consists of 21 items designed to collect data after checking its psychometric properties, validity and reliability. The results obtained, using several statistical programmers, revealed that e learning has a positive influence on learners’ cognitive structure. The results further indicate that there is a medium positive correlation with a predictive linear direction between research variables.

Digital education between need and the constraints of reality

ABDELLAH KERKECH

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 77-87

This research revolves around digital education as a need, and the necessity imposed by reality, and imposed by the global Corona epidemic crisis [Covid-19], and about the problem of adopting it as a strategic alternative to urban education, is all countries eligible for that, and about the constraints, and their nature that could prevent this from being achieved.The researcher made the research base and references the basis. The first verse of Surat Al-Alaq which is the Almighty saying: (Recite in the name of your Lord who created) (Verse:1), for many purposes, he elaborated on them in his paper. He also mentioned some recent field studies that talk about the first experience in digital education or distance education in some countries, especially Morocco, with comments on that study.The researcher mentioned some previous studies in the field of e-learning and distance education, which talks about how e-learning, its characteristics, advantages, disadvantages, and electronic classes.The results of the research confirm that digital education has become a need and necessity, and that there are real constraints that prevent it from being used as a substitute for urban education, especially in the third world countries, and then the researcher recommended adopting the gradual approach in order to engage positively in this type of education, as confirmed by the main conclusions of the research, That any attempt to adopt digital education in countries dominated by social classes, It will cause a rift in the societies of these countries, which will increase the dedication of Stratification, and it contributes dangerously wastage in school, this will expose the right of sacred education to being lost, and the nation will be lost with it in the most important component of its constituents.

Globalization of education through the MOOC system

Mohammed Adnan El Saneh

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 88-95

The importance of using technological development in the means of online education, such as the use of the MOOC system, has a real reflection on the development of society in the field of distance education. In this research, the most important aspects of the education system will be clarified through the MOOC, which is considered the most famous educational system in recent times, which is about lessons an open-source collective. It will explain how the MOOC works which is a computer or laptop. We will show the types of the MOOC system and the difference between cMOOC, xMOOC I will work to explain with a comprehensive presentation of the most important reasons for the delay in the spread of the MOW system in European countries and how it will be to overcome these causes in the future. The most important educational platforms that are used in their curriculum will be presented to facilitate its process. Online education, the global platform Coursera, Udmi. I will review its conclusion of the most important features of the MOOC system, through which the use of the MOOC system.

Digital education between application and unemployment

Amal T. S. Abushaaban

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 96-109

In light of the spread of the Corona pandemic, which threatened and continues to threaten the entire world in all educational, social, economic and other aspects, we had to pause before this challenge, and how will we face it? What are the proposed solutions to alleviate its severity? In this research, the researcher decided to explore different areas for developing these solutions, including the role of training centers in undergoing digital transformation to increase their ability to provide digital skills through online mechanisms, as well as the role of government institutions in cooperating with each other in order to reduce the unemployment rate resulting from the Corona pandemic and the use of that to serve e-learning, in addition to the role of technology companies and businessmen from the local community in presenting their offers in order to help those who live in remote areas and do not have access to communication and devices.

Education learning: international and arabe experiences

Boujamaa Ouali

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 110-119

This research paper reviews a set of elements related to e-learning:a- Defining e-learning: a set of definitions.b- International experiences in e-learning (USA, Japan, Turkey, Malaysia)c- Arab experiences in e-learning (Saudi Arabia, the United Arab Emirates, Egypt, Jordan).d- Challenges facing e-learning: technical, financial, human, and social ...

Challenges of Orientation towards digital education in the governmental Universities in Yemen : Empirical Study

Amal Mohamed El-Mogahed; khaled Hassan Alhariry

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 120-140

The study aimed to identify the main Challenges to the Orientation towards digital education in Yemeni governmental universities, from the viewpoint of faculty members in these universities, and to present a proposed vision to activate the Orientation towards digital education in Yemeni governmental universities in the light of the results of the study. The researchers adopted the descriptive analytical method in dealing with the problem of study and answering its questions, and the research sample included (250) individual faculty members in Yemeni governmental universities. The Research preliminary data were collected by the questionnaire as a study tool. These data were analyzed using some statistical methods appropriate to the nature of the data and the aims of this study.The study concluded several results, the most prominent of which are: that all the challenges of orientation towards digital education related to the general (macro) and private (micro) environment for digital education in Yemen - which was included in the study tool (the questionnaire) -; All of them came in a high according tothe arithmetic means for the answers of the sample individuals to the questionnaire paragraphs related to these challenges. The results of the study hypothesis test showed that there were no statistically significant differences between the views of the study sample items on the most prominent challenges towards digital education related to the general (macro) and private (micro) environment for digital education in Yemen at the level of significance (0.005); refer to some demographic and functional variables for the vocabulary of the study sample and include: Include: gender, university name , college type, Academic degree, and years of experience.The study concluded to present a proposed vision that includes a set of elements and mechanisms necessary to activate the Orientation towards digital education in Yemeni governmental universities. It was preparedaccording to the literature and results of the study

Digital learning towards the realization Quality and quality mechanisms in Arab and international universities

SABRINA TEBBOUCHE

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 141-160

University by its scientific frameworks of different degrees; transfer knowledge to students, and then provide the community with technical and scientific skills.In addition to its scientific and empirical research it also provides advisory services and the completion of some projects related to social development The Arab universities have made remarkable efforts to cope with change; although some reports global which are classified as the universities of the developed world were exempt from a reference to an Arab University, each university seeks to catch up; and Planned to be soon in the universities of the world, Take into account the principle of universality of higher education.However, despite the efforts made by Arab universities, they suffer from many flaws, inadequacies, and imbalances, which have made them occupy low levels in the international ranking, and these universities are now looking for mechanisms to get out of their crisis. These include the mechanisms for using quality assurance.The quality assurance study in the light of the principle of universality provides an opportunity for these universities to develop a plan to achieve the desired objective with the preservation of their cultural dispositions, and its special priority; is a way of Arab universities to develop their performance and achieve their goals to soon be in the universities of the developed world._Integrating the principle of universality of education into quality assurance is a way for Arab universities to develop their performance and achieve their goals to be soon in the universities of the developed world.The concept of education in the context refers to characteristic; for example: criteria for teacher training _ for building school for school climate; the criteria quality school books _ for nature and efficiency of administrative management_ for the quality of educational programs; the criteria for the teaching strategies ;etc. the adoption and implementation of a quality assurance system in higher education institutions in Algeria in harmony with political specificitiesThe country’s social and cultural life has become an imperative in order to face the challenges both nationally and internationally.and it is no secret that the application of quality in higher education is still at the experimental stage.That is why, as researchers, we are interested in the quality experiments that have been applied in different countries in the field of digital education.

Curricula and Studying Courses for digital Education and Ways of Adapting them in Reality the College of Islamic Sciences is as Model

Khaled Mustafa Abdelhade Sarahna; Ali Mohammad Ali Ghareeb

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 161-170

The experience of remote e-learning in the world in general and Palestine in particular has raised many questions at the official and popular levels, and these questions can be limited to two streams: One of them went to defend this experience of education and saw the need to adopt it and provide means for it in terms of techniques, specialists and administrations, drawing its strength from the renaissance of modern technology that included in this era the young before the adults, but, the other called for caution, caution and the need to be careful in reversing this model of education in all settings, according to a set of educational, social, economic and religious factors.From here, and in light of this conflict that resulted in the last stage between the two currents, the researchers found it necessary to highlight - in their studies - the ability of one of the Palestinian higher education institutions - the College of Islamic Sciences - and the ability of its officials and academics to adapt the available capabilities, adapt them and adapt their academic curricula. In proportion to this model of education, and is it possible to do so or not?The study will focus on the concept of this education, its most prominent characteristics, and the majors offered in the college. To show the success of the process of recruiting the capabilities available to students and employees in the college. The two researchers will also consider in their studies the needs of the lecturers in the college according to the field of specialization, and the method of giving it, whether theoretical or practical, taking at the same time the needs of the lecturers and technicians for training courses, workshops and technical equipment in line with the vision of the Palestinian Ministry of Higher Education and Scientific Research and the global scientific orientation.

A proposed Model of a Digital University of Arabic

Abdulrakeeb Ahamed shomais; Safa Abdulhakeem Ahmed Badi; Bahia Mohmmed Rajh

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 171-191

The digital university is a form of contemporary university education that has emerged as a result of technological and digital development, and this form represents an urgent necessity in developed countries in general, and Arab countries in particular, whether in the usual situation or in times of epidemics and crises, which need before going to it for a model about it And, as it was, this research came with the aim of presenting a proposed model for an Arab digital university by identifying the theoretical principles of the digital university, identifying the reality of the Arab digital university education, and the degree of importance of the components of the digital university from the experts' point of view . To achieve the objectives of the research, the descriptive and forward-looking approach was used, and a questionnaire was applied according to the modified Delphi method on an intentional sample of (27) experts, and the research reached several results, the most important of which is that the degree of importance of the components of the digital university as seen by the experts in general was (large) in terms of the weighted mean The year that reached the component that ranked first is the partnership and programs component with a weighted average (4.48) with a percentage weight (89.75%), followed by the financing component (4.25) with a percentage weight (85%), then the study system (4.08) with a percentage weight (81.8), while The institutional component reached (4.00) and with a percentage weight (80.16%), that the proposed model consisted of the sources, vision, mission and goals, the institutional component and partnership, programs, study system, and financing, and the research concluded with a set of recommendations and proposals

Towards Blended Learning in Engineering Majors: Computer Programs Engineering as Model

Ali Yahia Al-Hamdi; Khalid Al-Hussaini

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 192-209

This research represents a first step towards adopting blended learning in education engineering in Arab countries. This is to cope with what the higher education institutions witness the process of transformation from a traditional teaching-based process to a learning-based process incorporating ICT and practicing developed learning methods in advanced countries. The research aims at verifying the possibility of incorporating blended learning in educational engineering, and in particular in a computer engineering major. The verification process has been achieved by using the descriptive analysis to research subjects, which include blended learning, blended learning in engineering education, and the characteristics of an international curriculum for computer engineering. Also, the results ensure the possibility of incorporating blended learning in engineering education in Arab countries due to its merits and it provides skills that are almost identical to that a student of computer engineering education learns. Based on that result, the paper suggests a number of recommendations to incorporate the blended learning paradigm in engineering education, particularly in computer engineering programs.

Open educational resources and digital repositories in Libya the Pharmacology Course is a model

Mohamed Masoud Gnan

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 210-218

Abstract. Human beings have always sought solutions to their problems to sustain life, albeit with an in exhaustive efficiency. As Corona overran the world, educational institutions had sought alternative methods of traditional education, and found no way to do so except by teaching online. Several educational institutions in the world have paid great attention to this method, years ago. The subject is the application of the program of the ]Open Educational sources[ launched through the Budapest Initiative in 1991. The initiative calls for the unhindered availability of science and information to all people, followed by the Massachusetts Institute Initiative in 2000, where all its educational work was published free of charge online and then successively until the UNESCO meeting in 2002. The participants agreed to use the term "open educational materials". The conference was held in Paris in 2012 and is recommended for the formal adoption and adoption of the program by the organization, recently adopted by ISESCO. The program aims to find an alternative to traditional education by publishing free curricula in the various disciplines on digital repositories and then on the Internet platform, under simple conditions. To illustrate this subject for those who have not already been familiar with it. I introduce this paper from my experience through the attending of several workshops adopted by UNESCO, which is a model of a descriptive document of a curriculum in pharmacology science, which can be released to the university's digital repository and made available free of charge.

The Relationship of Electronic Publishing of Arabic Content with Education

Muneer Abdul-Bari Al-Qadsi

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 219-231

The research sought to achieve the following objectives: Introducing the concept of electronic publishing, and to clarify the relationship of electronic publishing with education. As the problem of the study was to answer the question: What is the relationship of electronic publishing to education? And knowing its negative and positive impact on education, and to achieve the goal of the research, a descriptive and analytical approach was adopted. And the adoption of analysis and comparisons of previous sources and studies for the same topic of research to obtain study data, and the research has reached a set of results, most notably: that electronic publishing has a positive effect on the progress and development of the education process.

The role of Digital Education in Improving Academic Performance and Achievement for Chemistry in Secondary Education

Nidaa Abdul Ameer Jasim Al -Gbouri

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 232-244

Digital learning is considered one of the most important vital methods adopted in the learning process in general, especially in light of the explosion of knowledge and technological development occurring in various societies and nations. However, after the passage of time, relying on digital education has become an urgent need, and it will certainly have positive effects if applied properly. The study aimed to adopt electronic digital education and its impact on students' achievement in chemistry at the secondary level. The study population consisted of the fourth scientific students, the study sample consisted of 60 students, , Where they were randomly selected and divided into three groups, each group consisted of 20 students and the groups were the control group, they were taught using the traditional method, the second group used distance education and the third group used blended learning and the chemistry curriculum (organic chemistry) in the fourth year was considered a subject The study, where the study lasted three weeks, at the rate of three lessons per week, and after completing the teaching unit, students in each group were given 20 multiple-choice questions to measure achievement and level of performance.1-The presence of statistical differences at a significant level (0,05 ≤ α )return to the teaching method2- There are no statistically significant differences at a significant level(0,05 ≤ α ) In the pretest for the performance of students under study3- There are no clear statistical differences between the performance of males and females

E learning Model-based on Subliminal Stimulation in Engineering Taught

Nasseer K. Bachache

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 245-251

Globally, higher education is a change in innovation by stimulating digital technology- based education. The question that must possess is the learning and training that used in university education develops lifelong professional skills, and does this education motivate a student to create new thoughts, and does they get enough talents that drive the fourth industrial revolution? and do they get enough talents that drive the fourth industrial revolution? Nowadays we look for change around the world in the procedure of online learning platform with the expansion that has occurred in the field of education and its main factors, shape, the content of curricula, and its inputs. In our work, we propose a new customized educational model-based on subliminal persuasion and other applications of subliminal stimulation. First, we discuss our definition of subliminal. Wewill also present arguments about why it is difficult to sustain learning far from conscious thinking. In the other parts, we used e-learning (some videos) to illustrate examples of the basic effects of subliminal stimulation that can be used in various lessons were taught in engineering college at different stages showed to volunteers of different ages. Finally, we suggest some applications that can increase human talent after establishing legal legislation.

Patterns of artificial intelligence and digital transformation

Amani Abdoul Khaliq Abdullahussen

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 252-264

Artificial intelligence is no longer an emergency in the field of education, as it has become one of the foundations of educational development, and one of the most important ways to develop school materials, and one of the most important applications of artificial intelligence in education, such as digital systems for schools. ”Contributing to the work of algorithms in establishing educational tools that work on reformulating and crystallizing educational curricula. In accordance with the students 'interest, to reach the shortest paths in order to deliver the study materials. Developing students' abilities to communicate with human-like systems, which is the biggest motivation for them and is prepared and equipped to deal immediately with humans in all linguistic and social situations, in a way that helps to enhance the ability to communicate and increasing social skills, this technique can solve the problems of the lack of teachers Teaching staff or the scarcity of qualified people in some fields. It will help the average teacher develop his abilities and fill any deficiency he has. However, it must be noted here that artificial intelligence is not supposed to replace innate or natural intelligence. The purpose is not to replace the teacher / instructor in the classroom or dispense with him completely, but for the human mind to work side by side with the artificial mind in an elaborate calculated combination. And there is another problem that multiple technologies, software and methods, as well as artificial intelligence applications, can contribute to reducing their effects. It is represented in this amount of information and the continuous technical and cognitive development, to the extent that it is expected that the validity of the knowledge that one learns in the future will be limited to five years! If the development of scientific curricula and the printing of textbooks is a long and complex process that may in turn take five years, then with artificial intelligence in educational devices and software they will be able to deduce the knowledge and skills required at a specific time, thus updating the lessons automatically and presenting them to the student in a manner that suits his needsArtificial intelligence research revolves around the development of machines so that theyNo one can deny the contribution of artificial intelligence to the advancement of education, and it is a role that is likely to develop greatly in later years. Therefore, this technological progress must be kept up with caution and rationality, so that the school is free of its negatives. In this regard, the current research proposes to discuss the following matters:First - To what extent do the patterns of artificial intelligence affect education?Second - Identify the level of belief that artificial intelligence replaces the teacher?Third-What are effective ways to address the problems of digital transformation?

Digital transformation of education in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia - case study : Princess Nourah and King Khalid Universities

Omaima Ali Shiekh Eldein Elnor; Siham Ahmed Mohammed Khatir

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 265-282

The study aimed to explore the reality of digital transformation in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia, by identifying the actual practice of digital transformation in higher education institutions, in line with global trends to face the challenges of the global crisis COVID19. The main study question was: What are the requirements for applying digital transformation in higher education institutions in the Kingdom of Saudi Arabia? The importance of the study stems from providing suggestions and recommendations regarding dealing with conditions and products of digital education, and enriching the Arab library with more studies and research dealing with digital education. The study relied on the descriptive and analytical approach, and the questionnaire was used as a main tool for data collection, in addition to analyzing the content of documents and documents in this aspect that were obtained from the study sample institutions, to support the findings and develop proposals and recommendations. The study was applied to Princess Nourah bint Abdul Rahman University and King Khalid University.

The impact of digital education on student achievement (An analytical comparative study for fourth-year students of the Department of Banking and Financial)

Ass.T. Roa’a Ahmed Jassim; Bushra Ibrahim Salman

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 283-295

Everything changed after the Coronavirus pandemic, and they became goals at the top of the higher education ladder. The second phase of starting work in universities extended in March and April, and focused on establishing a new social environment for work, as there were suitable opportunities and conditions in universities. The schedule, due to the closure of all, the Coronavirus to ensure a degree of continuity of study in the eyes of students and their families. The most important findings of a close search of the cohorts of students who have been selected and their adult digital education (electronic) all forms of digital writing and writing rates (70% -100%), and who chose their choice of 15 as a sample to examine the special axis, the level of educational attainment of all students Find. The scientific title, and as for the most important reviews of the print reached by the research, e-education in Iraq suffers from many obstacles, starting with the failure to provide the infrastructure and ending with training the administrative and educational staff, increasing Google's MCQ training models, interview .... and others) which indicates The scores are unusually high compared to the exam scores in the traditional setting (classroom exams).

The role of E-learning and Talent management in enhancing the practice of the University of Aden Strategies of the Learning Organization from the Viewpoint of the Faculty Members: A Field Study

Abeer Jamil Thabet Ahmed; Mohammed Ali Saleh Bazakama

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 296-318

The study aimed to identify the role of E– learning and talent management in promoting the practice of the strategies in Aden University of the learning organization from the point of view of the Faculty Members. The researchers followed descriptive and analytical approach. They adopted the questionnaire as the main tool for data collection, as it was distributed among the study sample of 100 member. The researchers also used a number of statistical methods to analyze data by statistical program (SPSS ). The study brought a number of results: There is a huge presence of e– learning in Aden University, otherwise there is a presence of talent management and learning organization practices. The results also revealed the existence of a role for both e – learning and talent management in promoting Aden University practices of the learning organization's strategies. According to the results, the study gives a number of recommendations.

Digital evaluation under the Corona pandemic as a moderating variable in the relationship between distance learning and academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education

Mimi Elsayed Ahmed

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 319-335

The present research aimed to reveal the relationship between the use of distance learning and academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education, as well as to reveal the impact of the use of digital evaluation under the Corona pandemic as a moderating variable in the relationship between the use of distance learning and academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education. In addition to identifying the difference between the use of distance learning and academic buoyancy according to student gender (male-female) among staff members in Rustaq college of education. The research sample consisted of (92) staff members in Rustaq college of education, were selected by a simple random way during the second semester (spring) 2019/2020. To achieve the research objectives, the researcher built the research tools (digital evaluation scale, distance learning scale, and academic buoyancy scale) and applied these scales after assuring their validity and reliability. And she used the Statistical Analysis Program SPSS.26, SMART PLS.3, and building modeling program. results were : there is a statistically significant positive relationship at (0.01) level of distance education and academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education, as well as There is a statistically significant positive effect at (0.01) level of digital evaluation in the academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education, otherwise, There is not a statistically significant effect of digital evaluation moderating variable in the relationship between distance learning and academic buoyancy among staff members in Rustaq college of education ,The relationship between distance learning and academic buoyancy varies according to gender (male - female) for the faculty staff male member .The researcher made recommendations, including: focusing on continuous training of staff members on the optimal use of technology and follow-up the extent of using distance learning activities under the Corona pandemic.

The virtual university in Sudan and the application of quality standards Challenges and solutions

Hana Awad Mohammed Al-Hassan; Abdul Rahman Ibrahim

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 336-350

This study aims to find solutions for the challenges facing the application of quality standards of virtual learning in Sudanese universities. To achieve the objective of the study, the two researchers developed solutions to the research problem by studying the qualitative quality standards for virtual learning at the American University. The study reached the following results: Institutions that seek to adopt the virtual learning approach, can advance in the field of achieving quality if they set out seriously to advance education and educational services to a better level that achieves efficiency through a set of practical activities aimed at eliminating errors and improving service quality, through appropriate mechanisms for monitoring and evaluation. This requires that these institutions set a quality policy that works to define the items and tasks, whose performance has a significant and clear impact on the quality of learning and education, as a service provided to students. These components are determined based on the opinions and requirements of service users (students). These include the procedures necessary to provide a good educational plan and appropriate evaluation of students' performance and appropriate technical, educational and related structures that facilitate learning processes and increase students’ achievement. Work instructions must be documented in a clear, specific and understandable way to everyone. An organized review should be made to ensure that procedures are well implemented and institutions adopt a set of methods and procedures to correct the deviations and errors that the review processes discover. The study recommends the necessity of adopting the virtual learning curriculum in accordance with quality standards in order to ensure the continuity of education in light of the crisis plaguing the world.

Obstacles to the application of e-learning in Moroccan schools

SAMRANI ABDELHAKIM

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 351-360

E-learning has received much more interest in recent decades due to the domination of technology on all aspects of modern life. Another reason is the current pandemic which makes it necessary for the countries all over the world to adopt different modes of digital learning as a means of safety and as a tool to save time and effort. One more reason behind such a great interest is the will to create a rich and a favourable educational environment where a variety of media is used such as: audio-visual aids, interactive video-conferencing, digital assessment, e-libraries,...etc. For all the aforementioned reasons, the Moroccan school has adopted e-learning as a means to achieve success. Desipte all the advantages of digital learning and the huge interest in it, it still faces a myriad of stumbling blocks that hinder its effectiveness and implementation. This research paper then, is an attempt to shed light on such a mode of learning, determining and categorizing it, as well as suggesting some solutions to help dealing with it

Knowledge-Supporting Culture and Its Role in Improving Faculty Skills during Digital Learning to Confront the Corona Pandemic Analytical Study of the Views of a Sample of Iraqi University Professors

Nidhal Abdullah Yassen Almaliki; Hussein Muhammad Ali Kashkool; Saleem Rasheed Aboud Fayyad

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 361-378

Digital education is considered one of the important strategies at the present time due to the development in the field of education and communication, which facilitated the transition of the educational process easily and smoothly for students, and this study aimed to identify the role that culture supportive of knowledge can play and its role in improving the skills of teachers in education The study relied on the descriptive inferential approach through an analytical study of the views of a sample of Iraqi university professors, and the importance of the study was embodied in improving the skills of teachers for its components and dimensions in how to improve skills in light of digital education to confront the Corona pandemic that the world, society and students are facing, and the study sample was formed. Of (125) individuals, the statistical analysis was performed depending on the statistical package program, the SPSS program. Partial Least Squares Modeling (PLS-SEM) was also used through the SmartPLS program. The analysis was carried out for the two variables of the study, namely ((Culture supporting knowledge in its dimensions and improving skills in light of digital education in its dimensions, while the most important conclusion is ((improving the skills of teachers in light of digital education) a positive case required that contributes to creating a culture that supports knowledge, which indicates the promotion of a culture of knowledge support as well as It will contribute to the development of the education sector in Iraq in general)), and the most important recommendations are ((directing faculty members to rely on digital education strategies in the universities of the study sample, to reduce the negative effects necessary for the digital educational process)).

E - Learning Strategies

Faida Imhamed Salem Elwerfali

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 379-386

E-learning environments vary to suit the diversity of learners, and the diversity of the courses and objectives, however, it should not be dealt with e-learning without specifying the strategies used in teaching, and it is meant by how the educational content is presented to learners, as the e- learning system includes designing different learning strategies, including what is included. The system is a second-generation web service and electronic tools for transferring content and creating a learning process.Learning strategies include several procedures for presenting educational content in a way that helps learners achieve educational goals. Strategies also vary according to the variety of goals and activities carried out by the professor and the student.Current search aims to:1. Statement of the concept of e-learning.2. Learn about e-learning theories.3. Learn about e-learning techniques.4. The concept of e-learning strategies.5. Learn about viewing strategies.A- Teaching strategies in the e-learning environment.B- Evaluation strategies in e-learning.

Application of e-learning and remote emergency education in crisis management Review of some international experiences - Corona pandemic as a model –

Khelifa ahlem; boukhdouni ouahiba

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 387-400

This research paper aims to know the measures taken to implement e-learning and remote emergency education in managing the crisis of education interruption due to the spread of the Corona epidemic, as it is the most important way to continue the educational process at the present time, and through this study we have concluded that the success of using emergency remote education requires the provision of A strong infrastructure of technical resources and trained human cadres, ready to use this type of education

The importance of electronic education between the requirements of the times and the mandatory impact of crises

HAGAIN Faouzia; ARIBI Imani

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 401-410

Looking to the increasing interest in the necessity of directing the activities of universities towards the principles of digitization as part of their endeavors to keeping upwith technological development, Parallerllywith new trends in support of distance education andmore precisely digital education, considering the latter one of the most important forms of distance education, the work of the principles of e-learning has become in a location whose importance lies In a mixture between the necessity of being and working with it in light of the information revolution and the era of information and communication technology,And among the developments of circumstances, even if they make this resort to this type of education in a circumstantial way, is still no less important than the aforementioned positioning . The Corona pandemic, with its circumstance, made distance education in general and digital education in particularappear evident in its importance and shows its harbored Privileges and benefitsIn light of that, this study aimed to shed light on the role that digital education plays in general and in the crises (Covid-19) in particular.And extend the horizon of work with this type of education and expand its inclusion, by demonstrating the effective role that this type of education has played by taking models that have been taken it as a way and a pillar of its basic pillars of education, and have included it in the pattern of providing their services, whether in whole or in part.Based on the foregoing, the importance isformulated in the obligatory conditions and the reality of an erawithduality of urgencythat made updating the topichaving the importance that in turnprompted the compulsion to delveinto the topic more.Three models were dealt with (Madinah Arab University in Malaysia, the Syrian Virtual University, and the HIS-Higher Institute of Sciences. In Algeria) it use distance education and e-learning; To make things closer to reality, the inductive method was used for analysis and conclusion, and the results indicate that these universities adopted distance education on one hand, and in light of crises on the other hand, as they support e-learning through the means of digital education, in order to attract students and researchers As well as its ability to create value at high levels in a manner compatible with the foundations of digital education on the one hand and the requirements of crises on the other hand.

Obstacles to implementing the Electronic education program' Classroom' from the viewpoint of Sebha University students

Dr. Mabruka abdulsalam ghaite farawy; A. Fatima mohamed abduelrahman amhabeg; A- Saeid saeed abdalla abdalla

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 411-430

E-learning is one of the most important modern methods used in the field of education, which is based on the use of modern communication mechanisms from computer to computer, networks and media, search mechanisms, as well as Internet portals, whether remote or in the classroom, meaning that it is a professor-based learning of all kinds of technology in the delivery of information For the learner and the initial results that proved his success in the countries that adopted him, but his use is still in his beginnings in Libyan universities, which prompted us to explore the views of university students towards himAccordingly, this research comes to find out the obstacles to the application of the e-learning program - Classroom - at Sebha University to ensure the improvement of the quality of e-learning. Thus, the problem can be identified.What are the obstacles to implementing the e-learning application program - Classroom - from the viewpoint of Sebha University students?And highlighting the concepts related to the obstacles to the application of the program, the extent of its application and its success in the education sector through knowledge of the axes of obstacles to the application of the e-learning program - Classroom - and its success in measuring the quality of e-learning.The researchers used the descriptive and analytical approach in knowing the obstacles to the application. The study sample consisted of (100) male and female students distributed over five colleges, and the search tool was a questionnaire that was prepared electronically by the researchers and included (30) paragraphs distributed on five axes (scientific - professional - economic) - healthy - social).The study reached several results, which are as follows:- There are statistically significant differences between the responses of the sample members and the degree of freedom in obstacles to the application of the e-learning program - Classroom - These differences are in favor of the degree of freedom where the value of (T) on the questionnaire as a whole reaches (6.67) at a level of significance (0.00), which is less than the level of significance. Supported program spss.- There are no differences between the sexes on all axes of the questionnaire as a whole, where the value of (t) on the questionnaire as a whole is (0.78) at a level of significance (0.43), which is greater than (0.05).- There are no differences between groups with regard to obstacles to implementing the e-learning program - Classroom - according to the faculty variable on all axes of the questionnaire and on the tool as a whole. Obstacles (scientific-professional-social-health) where the values of the level of significance on the axes of the questionnaire and the tool as a whole reach these axes (0.27, 0.51, 0.17, 0.41, .048) and it is less than (0.05) the level of significance, as well as there are differences between groups regarding Relates to axes of obstacles according to the variable of the college on the axis of economic obstacles. This difference is in favor of the College of Science. The value of the level of significance on this axis reaches (0.05), which is equal to (0.05) the level of significance adopted SPSS.- There are no differences between groups with regard to obstacles to the application of the program. E-learning according to the semester variable on the questionnaire axes obstacles (scientific - economic - health - social) where the values of the significance level reach (0.15, 0.14, 0.6, 0.10), which is greater From (0.05) the approved statistical significance level spss, while there are differences between groups regarding the questionnaire axes according to the semester variable on the (professional) obstacles axis and the tool as a whole, and this difference is in favor of the third and fourth semester where the values of the significance level on the tool axes as a whole (0.01 It is less than (0.05).Based on the findings of the current study, the researchers came up with several recommendations, among the most important necessity to develop the infrastructure of the University of Sabha and work to improve and develop it in order to build a strong and solid foundation to support this educational pattern to keep pace with everything that happens in the scientific educational arena to increase the investment of what e-learning proposes Various communication tools in order to achieve a greater increase in interaction between learners and faculty members and direct them towards achieving better results

Digital mind maps and its role in developing legal talent

Souad Salem Mohamed Abusaad

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 431-448

The importance of search it reflects the usefulness of using digital mental maps in the legal educational process, understanding and achievement From experimental Academic research that tries to find a solution to a specific problem, to discovering new facts about accurate information. Also, the production of a practical application of this strategy in the recent teaching of legal sciences in law Faculties. By addressing the problem of research, it has been concluded that digital mind maps increase creative thinking, stimulate reading and review, add to the expansion of the understanding of things and develop the legal faculty of teachers and education Teaching using this strategy enables the lecturer to properly distribute time during the lecture, in addition to the fact that the parameters of the faculties of law are closely related to the level of performance of the faculty members.

A Model for the Best Distance Digital Teaching Style to the Course of Computer Skills Concerning the First Year Students at Dentistry Faculty in Ibn Sina University in Sudan

Muna Mohamed Mahmoud Abu Gosseisa

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 449-453

This study is conducted on the students of the first year of the faculty of Dentistry at Ibn Sina University in Khartoum Sudan upon the decision of study closure due to the spread of pandemic Covid-19, and upon the of the university strategic plan of academic digital transformation by 2023. The study aimed to reach to the factors that affects distance digital teaching to come out with the best model of digital teaching style via virtual classes. Results shows interactivity of students occurs when applying several teaching styles through digital technologies according to their psychological and academic needs and results also of the importance of digital communication between the student and the instructor leads to the enhancement of his/her academic performance.

E-education at the Algerian University is a need or a crisis-generated necessity Coronas

MEHRIA KHALIDA

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 454-469

Information and communications technology plays an important role in all aspects of life in general and in education in particular, many educational institutions that have adopted technology as a vehicle in the educational process have been shown to be helping to energize the educational process , The use of technology today is natural but not available to all, as there are still institutions that depend on traditional methods in education, but with the changes that the Corona pandemic caused, the situation is different, After the student at all levels of school had to be forced from school seats since March, and because his fate remained to be returned, the imperative of remotely adopting the system by many universities is to avoid losing the school year, The study, which is based on the study of the study paper, is an urgent necessity or emergency situation, in an attempt to shed light on e-education today, using it between urgent necessity and emergency circumstances and its continuation after the pandemic.

A review of E-Learning in Higher Education

Khalid Al-Hussaini; Huda Al-Qozani

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 470-482

The e-learning has become an important part of higher education in light of the crises facing humanity, including wars, displacement, and the epidemic. On the other hand, information, and communication technology increases the use of digital devices for many purposes in the world, especially education, through which learning can be achieved, such as higher satisfaction, motivation, and increased student participation. This paper provides a background for e-learning in higher education institutions and reviews the concept of e-learning, its requirements, and the various strategies of e-learning, in higher education institutions.

Self-Regulated and E-Learning

Samar S. Hammadi

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 483-489

The main aim of education is to develop students to be self-regulated learners by engaging their own learning experience and developing them cognitively. To do this, planning, monitoring, and evaluating are required by the students to perform them independently in which very few students do this normally.The present paper presents a literature review of SRL including an overview of the concept; specific SRL strategies for students to use; and a discussion of some difficulties that teachers face during teaching their students to be lifelong Learners.

Assessment of online learning in Algerian universities during COVID-19

Boutkhil Guemide; Salima Maouche

Kut University College Journal for Humanitarian Science, 2021, Volume 2021, Issue special issue, Pages 490-515

Algeria has been hit by the Coronavirus, and as a result, the Algerian government has taken serious measures to deal with the current situation. In this context, the Algerian ministry of higher education and scientific research has instructed universities to perform both online teaching and learning through regular, established eLearning platforms, as a step towards reducing the spread of the Coronavirus. Although this measure has been largely appreciated by academics, teachers, and students, online learning in Algerian universities, especially during the critical period of the Corona pandemic lacks many issues, such as, facilities and materials that should be resolved to achieve a total success for online learning in Algerian universities. The purpose of the present paper is to provide an assessment of the online learning electronic system provided by Algerian universities during the pandemic. Basically, the research relies on students’ and teachers’ questionnaires as the undertaking tool to gather valid data in order to analyze and highlight the shortcomings of the online learning which has been provided in the aforementioned period. The research results indicated that total reliance on online learning was according to strategies and planned learning objectives. However, it did not go well. As a matter of fact, the online learning system in the Algerian higher education sector needs a solid platform for its total implementation and needs to make sure that the elements of the teaching/ and learning process succeed with the mastery of the technological tools. The research concluded with some recommendations which should be taken into account for better implementation of online learning electronic system in the Algerian higher education context.